The lyceum berry was an important food source for nearly all Native american tribes in the desert southwest including the hopi, apache, supai, hohokam, pima, anasazi, navajo, zuni, and many others. Goji berry, wolfberry, Fructus lycii, boxthorn, matrimony vine, desert Thorn, duke of Argylls tea tree. Parts Used, berries, seeds, Flowers, leaves, roots, what do goji berries Taste like? Depending on the variety and the method of processing some say lyceum berries are similar in taste to raisins, cranberries, strawberries, and combinations of these. One recent study noted goji products sold outside Asia contain, according to the suppliers, exclusively. . However, distinction of wolfberries from different species and varieties is difficult so that substitution or adulteration in commercial products cannot be excluded. What are the health benefits of Goji berries? Most of the available nutrition information on the goji is either.quasi-miraculous potion for longevity. And this: Clinical evidences and rigorous procedures for quality control are indispensable before any recommendation of use can be made for Goji products. And this: Further investigations and in particular well-designed clinical trials with phytochemically well-characterized extracts are required before the potential of Goji as a medicinal plant can be definitively assessed. Concerning the numerous products found on the health food market, there are at the moment no scientific evidences to sustain the claims made for Goji juice as a cure-all or a miraculous drink for well-being and longevity. The development of rigorous quality control procedures for Goji products is urgently needed. Goji the Botany, goji belongs to the solanaceae (nightshade) plant family which also includes eggplants, potatoes, tomatoes, chill peppers and tobacco. Where do goji berries Come From? Major Asian varieties, lycium barbarum, lyceum chinensis. There are an estimated 85 species in Asia, including China and Tibet. Major American varieties, lycium andersonii, lycium berlandieri, lycium brevipes, lycium californicum, lycium carolinianum, lycium cooperi, lycium exsertum, lycium fremontii, lycium halimifolium, lycium macrodon, lycium pallidum, lycium parishii, lycium puberlum, lycium torreyi (Note lycium is also often spelled Lyceum). There are an estimated 15 species in North and Central America mostly in the desert southwest of the United States (Arizona, california, colorado, utah, new Mexico, texas) with some species also present in the western deserts of Mexico and south America.
Seemingly without concern for accurate research, the media shamelessly fell in love with these tasty morsels. Then, like many other super-food and super-life enhancements, goji berries appeared on the Oprah Winfrey show (in 2007). Chicago bulls basketball star Ben Gordon asked. Oz for nutrition advice to help him get through his gruelling thrice-daily workouts. Im a professional athlete. I train anywhere between two and three times a day. What kind of foods can i add to my diet to help me maintain high energy levels throughout my diet and not crash after Im finished working out? Oz advised Gordon he would benefit from eating more antioxidant-rich foods to reduce oxidation building genitale up in his muscles. Oz claimed that the himalayan Goji is the most potent antioxidant fruit that we know. If Time magazine initiated the hype, oprah and.
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Go, go, goji all The way to the bank. If ever there was a berry with so much hype and so little evidence, its the himalayan Goji (or wolfberry). Goji the hype from the himalayas to hollywood a star is Born. The media hype started in July 2006, when Himalayan goji berries were crowned breakout (whatever that means) superfruit of the year by time magazine. This tiny berry became the centre spiermassa of attention gordijnen lauded by celebrities including Madonna, miranda kerr, mischa barton, kate moss, Elizabeth Hurley, victoria beckham and Mick jagger (to name a few). From the himalayas to hollywood, a star was born some celebrity endorsements and a simple sentence in a magazine propelled the humble goji berry out of relative obscurity, and onto the superfood stage. The los Angeles Times jumped on the bandwagon: Tibetan and Chinese legends tell of people who lived century-long lives while retaining the strength and beauty of youth thanks to lycium (goji). New Woman Magazine remarked: The latest super fruit to take hollywood by storm is the himalayan goji berry. And bbc news magazine in London noted: Celebrities have been singing the praises of goji.
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A balance must be struck that is equitable and sustainable for everyone on the planet. Soil depletion means we cant get enough nutrition from our food, right? Soil depletion is a major concern in the. Many experts believe we may be on the brink of a food crisis because we have squandered and contaminated this precious resource with decades of intensive, industrial farming practices. This begs the question: Why are we not working to rejuvenate our own soils with sustainable composting, waste management, and regenerative agriculture practices, instead of depleting the very fragile, tropical soils of other countries to meet the American demand for faddish specialty foods? American demand for more food than we need is helping drive us to deplete our water resources very quickly. What many people dont realize is that this same demand is driving us— and the countries from which we import superfoods —to reach peak soil too. So by neglecting our own soils, and importing superfoods to make up the difference, we are essentially starving Peter to feed paul. We can make a powerful statement against the malnutrition and environmental devastation caused by industrial export farming by spending our money at home supporting small farmers who use good land management practices to maintain fertile soils that produce high-quality, local food.
Even in our own country, precious, local superfoods and medicines like morel mushrooms, echinacea, and American ginseng have been wildcrafted almost to extinction in their natural pauze habitats, and now must be farmed on a large, environmentally-compromising scale to meet demand. Thanks to the American marketing machine, little known foods and medicines that are carefully wildcrafted from their natural habitats dont stay little-known or carefully harvested for long. Just like american demand for sugar, coffee, bananas, and chocolate did in previous centuries, our ravenous national appetite for coconut, palm oil, quinoa, and dozens of other popular imported health foods are decimating local cultures and ecosystems all over the world today. The real cost of superfoods, since the advent of industrialization (and the aggressive marketing that came with it we have increasingly become a nation of unfettered consumers. Americans comprise just 5 of the worlds population, and yet use more than 40 of its resources. Sustainable harvesting practices are simply not efficient enough to meet Americas ravenous demand for food we dont really need.
To be brutally honest about it, our insatiable hunger for everything from chocolate to soybeans is pillaging the planet and its people. Simply put, Americans are eating their way through ecosystems all over the world. No matter how you justify it, the choice to be a green consumer is still to be a consumer. Over-consumption and sustainability are not compatible, no matter how eco-friendly we try to be about. There is no inalienable right to eat chocolate or quinoa every day, on demand, especially when the people who grow it for us often dont have enough to eat at all because. On a finite planet with a growing population, it doesnt much matter if we buy expensive, organic, fair trade cacao or cheap, plantation-grown cocoa. Either way, were ultimately getting our national chocolate fix by decimating local food systems and pilfering the limited natural resources of poor people in tiny countries who may not even have electricity and indoor plumbing.
Goji, berry, benefits: 12 Facts About This healthy superfood
In reality, because demand is so huge, fairly traded crops exported for American markets often quickly displace local staple food crops, which in turn undermines local self-reliance and the sustainability of nourishing traditional diets. Take the recent boom in quinoa for example. Quinoa is a nutrient-dense, gluten-free grain that comes from the bolivian Andes, where indigenous peasants have traditionally grown it alongside potatoes, llamas and alpaca for thousands of years. With the burgeoning demand in Europe and the United States for healthy, gluten-free grains, quinoa—which is very high in protein—has become very popular, especially among foodies. But because of this, today, most Bolivians cannot afford to buy quinoa, and the quinoa-growing region of the country is also the most malnourished because those who grow quinoa for export now purchase refined grains to eat from the store. The region also faces decreased soil fertility, as farmers mine their google soil to grow quinoa year after year to meet Western demand, instead of using traditional methods of rotating polycultural crops with llama pasture to restore fertility and prevent erosion. But what about wildcrafted superfoods like maca? Indeed if the choice is between clearing vast tracts of rainforest to grow superfoods on sterile plantations that abuse their workers (many of them children) and wildcrafting the same crop from its native habitat while paying a relatively high wage to the locals, the latter. But how sustainable can wildcrafting be in a 177 billion superfood industry, really?
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Each year, 817 million tons of food are shipped around the planet. The result is that a basic diet of imported products can use four times the energy and produce four times the emissions of an equivalent domestic diet! Some would argue that because of topsoil depletion, environmental pollution, and high-stress, modern life in the. S., eating regular food just isnt enough to be healthy anymore. And besides, these new superfoods are sustainably harvested in a way that protects the habitats they come from and pays a fair wage, right? Lets break these arguments down. Related: Superfoods are sustainably harvested, right? American entrepreneurs have been making a killing for the past decade selling luxury foods at a premium to people who dont need them, by paying undernourished peasants in developing skin countries a miserably low fair wage to carefully exploit their natural resources.
In various healthy lifestyle communities, superfoods are usually exotic plant products that come from far away lands. These expensive, fashionable foods include things like goji berries from China and Tibet; açai, maca, chia, and quinoa from south America; coconut, nonifruit and durian from southeast Asia; mesquite, agave, and spirulina from Mexico; and chlorella from Japan. Every year, the industry seems to discover more neuscorrectie superfood miracles from the recesses of developing nations to peddle to American healthseekers. While many of these foreign foods are very nutritious (and indeed, i have consumed my share of raw cacao, chia and spirulina why does more and more of what we eat in the. Carry such a heavy environmental and social footprint? Can we not get enough nutrition without consuming far-flung novelties shipped from thousands of miles away? Transporting food is one of the fastest-growing sources of greenhouse gas emissions, according to the.
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It seems like every time i open a food magazine or read a food website these days, people are promoting the latest superfood. Ive learned from these sources that my smoothie just isnt complete without açai berries or maca, and that day without chia seeds is like a day without sunshine. Superfoods are very trendy right now. Experts estimate that the global market for functional food reached 177 billion in 2013, with a 7 annual growth rate. With so much money at stake, the superfood trend has been co-opted to sell everything from broccoli to vitamin supplements. So, with so much ado about superfoods, just what is a superfood anyway? Superfood thuis is nothing more than marketing jargon for fruits, vegetables, or other foods considered better than competing items in providing health benefits ranging from fighting disease or aiding in digestion to promoting brain or heart health. As you can imagine, there is wide latitude in that definition.